What did the Aztecs Accomplish

What did the Aztecs Accomplish?

In the 15th century, the Aztecs were a powerful and advanced civilization that dominated the majority of modern-day Mexico. At their apex, they created a highly ordered society centered mostly on religion. 

Aqueducts were built, agriculture was nurtured, and their kingdom appeared to be always expanding. Astrology was perhaps one of the Aztec civilization’s most essential and foundational achievements. The calendar’s growth became a vital aspect of their lives, defining religious purposes. 

Regrettably, their period of enormous success and accomplishments was short-lived. Their collapse was hastened by the coming of the Spanish invaders.

What Was The Aztecs Greatest Accomplishment?

The Aztecs founded one of the largest and most powerful empires in Mesoamerica!

The Mexica were a group of migrants who came to Mexico’s Valley around 1250 AD and constructed Tenochtitlan in 1325. They initially partnered with the Tepanec Empire’s capital city, Azcapotzalco, and paid tribute to it. 

The assassination of the Mexica ruler was orchestrated by the Azcapotzalco king in 1426. Tenochtitlan joined forces with the city-states of Texcoco, Tlacopan, and Huexotzinco against Azcapotzalco the following year. In 1428, they conquered the city. Huexotzinco retreated after the fight & Tenochtitlan quickly became the dominating force among the other three city-states, forming the Triple Alliance.

Following its creation, the alliance launched conquest wars and rapidly expanded. At its peak, the Triple Alliance, sometimes known as the Aztec Empire, ruled over most of central Mexico as well as surrounding lands. It was 80,000 square miles in size, with 25 million people living in nearly 500 towns and cities. 

Before the Spanish conquest, it was one of the largest and most powerful empires in Mesoamerica, the region of Mexico and Central America. The word Aztec is frequently used to refer solely to the Mexica people of Tenochtitlan, but it is also applied to the Acolhuas of Texcoco and the Tepanecs of Tlacopan.

What Made The Aztecs Successful?

Rich agricultural system and powerful military traditions and practices! 

The Aztec Empire was built on the foundations of agriculture, trade, and tribute. As a result, raising enough food to support the Aztec cities’ urban populations was critical. The Aztec empire’s food was planted, cultivated, and harvested by a large number of people in all of the empire’s towns.

The Aztec diet consisted of three crops: maize, or corn, beans, and squash. When these three plants are cultivated together, they help each other. Corn, for example, draws nitrogen from the soil and replaces it with beans. Corn stalks give strong support that bean plants require to flourish.

The Aztec armed forces were primarily made up of a large number of commoners with only minimal military training and a smaller but still significant number of nobility-affiliated professional fighters who were organized into warrior societies and ranked according to their accomplishments. The Aztec state was focused on political expansion and supremacy over other city-states, as well as the collection of tribute from them, and warfare was the primary dynamic force in Aztec politics.

What Did The Aztecs Do That Was Unique?

There is no one single and brief answer to such question as the Aztecs achieved many great things that made their name immortal but amongst the main things was their calendaring system.  

The Aztecs utilized a base 20 or vigesimal number system to keep track of their numbers. To depict values up to 20, dots or a combination of dots and bars were employed. A flag was used to denote 20 and was repeated for quantities up to 400. A fir tree was used to represent 400, while a sack was used to signify 8000. 

Though they possessed a mental understanding of zero, it is unknown whether they had a symbol for it, hence 0 was not a common number in their system. Multiplication and division, as well as some geometric ideas, were known to the Aztecs.

The land rod was their standard unit of linear measurement, which equaled around 2.5 meters. They also utilized symbols like an arrow, a heart, a hand, or a bone to symbolize fractional distances when measuring land areas, according to recent research. The Aztecs utilized a calendar that included a 365-day calendar cycle known as Xiuhpohualli (year count) and a 260-day ritual cycle known as Tonalpohualli (day count). Together, these two cycles constituted a 52-year “century.” The agricultural calendar is known as the Xiuhpohualli, whereas the holy calendar is known as the Tonalpohualli.

How Did The Aztecs Change The World?

By their justice system and rich medical knowledge! 

The Aztecs added many things to the world including things we do on daily purposes. But the most unique thing that they changed the world with their justice system and medical practices that inspired botany and herbology later on. 

The Aztec legal system was sophisticated, and it was intended to keep social order and respect for government institutions. Aztec law was founded on royal decrees and practices that had been passed down through the generations. Aztec judges interpreted and applied these laws in the various court systems. Aztec judges were not always constrained by existing law, and they had some leeway to do what they thought was just and appropriate given the circumstances. 

Tictils, or Aztec physicians, were adept herbalists who conducted medicinal research. The Aztecs believed that illness was caused by one of three things: an angry god or goddess’s wrath, an enemy’s black magic, or natural causes. 

They employed a large collection of therapeutic herbs and plants, numbering in the hundreds. They employed maguey tree sap as a cleanser and wound healer, and Argemone mexicana as a pain reliever. The Aztecs used volcanic glass blades to perform surgery.

They would commonly cover the wound with crushed plants after surgery to speed up the healing process. They were well-versed in entheogenic flora and animals. They employed them not only for prophetic and religious purposes but also for medical purposes. During surgeries, they employed the passionflower as a form of antispasmodic drug to relax muscles.

Summary: 

We cannot think of an ancient world built without the Aztecs. Tenochtitlan was one of the greatest cities in the world at that time, perhaps even the greatest. The Aztecs had succeeded in building a stable, sustainable, and agricultural-based city that paved the way for their magnificent and immortal achievements. 

The Aztecs shed light on various fields including herbology, gardening, agriculture, and numerology. Surprisingly, the Aztec achievements still benefit humans till this very day which marks the Aztec noble name in the world’s historical records.